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Effect of Turbulent Flame Propagation Velocity and Zone Width on the Unburnt Hydrocarbon Concentration and Combustion Efficiency in a Spark-Ignition Engine

Authors: Shaykin A.P., Galiev I.R. Published: 05.09.2019
Published in issue: #4(127)/2019  

DOI: 10.18698/0236-3941-2019-4-111-123

 
Category: Power, Metallurgic and Chemical Engineering | Chapter: Heat Engines  
Keywords: combustion efficiency, unburnt hydrocarbons, width, velocity, flame

The investigation considers how combustion efficiency and exhaust gas (unburnt hydrocarbon) toxicity are linked to the fundamental flame propagation characteristics (flame propagation velocity and reaction zone width). We present combustion efficiency and unburnt hydrocarbon concentration as functions of fundamental flame propagation characteristics, maximum flame temperature, flame failure temperature and thickness of the unburnt fuel layer adjacent to the combustion chamber walls. Comparing combustion efficiency computed according to the equation proposed to combustion efficiency derived by using an experimentally obtained indicator diagram showed that the data are in good agreement. We studied the connection between unburnt hydrocarbon emission and combustion efficiency. We detected that increasing combustion efficiency leads to lower unburnt hydrocarbon emission, which is explained by reduction of the unburnt fuel ratio in the layer adjacent to the wall. We propose a new technique for calculating unburnt hydrocarbon amount in engine exhaust gases. We show that our technique makes it possible to determine the chemical composition of the air-fuel mixture and the values of flame propagation characteristics that ensure a decrease in unburnt hydrocarbon emission. The results of our study may be used to develop or refine methods of increasing combustion efficiency of composite fuels and reducing exhaust gas toxicity in combustion chambers of internal combustion engines and other power plants

The study was conducted as part of a government order, project no. 394, supported by the Government of Samara Region as part of the monetary benefit program for young scientists and designers of Samara Region, as well as by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation as part of the program providing young scientists with scholarships of the President of the Russian Federation

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