|

Heat and Power Plants and Their Automatic Control and Regulation Systems

Authors: Markov V.A. Published: 24.12.2020
Published in issue: #6(135)/2020  

DOI: 10.18698/0236-3941-2020-6-106-130

 
Category: Power, Metallurgic and Chemical Engineering | Chapter: Heat Engines  
Keywords: heat and power plant, diesel engine, gasoline engine, automatic control system, automatic regulation system, reciprocating internal combustion engine

The paper emphasizes the relevance of research aimed at further improving the systems of automatic control and regulation of heat and power plants, mainly plants with reciprocating internal combustion engines. The study assessed the current level of the development of these systems, and analyzed the prospects of their use as mobile and stationary heat and power plants. These plants are widely used in various sectors of the economy --- energy, transport, agriculture, so it appears important to describe the main directions of further improvement of these plants and their automatic control and regulation systems. The purpose of the research was to further increase the power indicators of heat and power plants, improve their fuel efficiency and exhaust gas toxicity, and enhance the dynamic qualities of internal combustion engines. In our study, we also examined the main directions of improving the fuel supply and air supply systems of engines, their work process, adaptation of engines to work on various alternative types of fuel. Findings of research show that it is necessary to expand the functional capabilities of control and regulation systems, implement integrated adaptive control of a heat and power plant and its systems, use electronic microprocessor devices in the structure of regulators, enhance the multi-parameter efficiency of the operation of a heat and power plant and its elements, taking into account the whole set of parameters of this plant

The paper was based on the materials of the reports of the all-Russian scientific and technical conference n.a. Professor V.I. Krutov (29.01.2020)

References

[1] Arkharov A.M., Afanas’yev V.N., eds. Teplotekhnika [Thermal technology]. Moscow, Bauman MSTU Publ., 2017.

[2] Aleksandrov A.A., Ivashchenko N.A., eds. Mashinostroenie. Entsiklopediya. T. IV. Dvigateli vnutrennego sgoraniya [Mechanical engineering encyclopaedia. Vol. IV. Combustion engine]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 2013.

[3] Okhotnikov B.L. Ekspluatatsiya dvigateley vnutrennego sgoraniya [Exploitation of combustion engines]. Ekaterinburg, Izd-vo Ural’skogo universiteta Publ., 2014.

[4] Erokhov V.I. Toksichnost’ sovremennykh avtomobiley. Metody i sredstva snizheniya vrednykh vybrosov v atmosferu [Toxic level of modern vehicles. Methods and solutions for lowering atmospheric emission of pollutants]. Moscow, Forum Publ., 2017.

[5] Aleksandrov A.A., Markov V.A., eds. Neftyanye motornye topliva: ekologicheskie aspekty primeneniya [Oil motor fuels. Ecological aspects of using]. Moscow, OOO "Inzhener" Publ., OOO "Oniko-M" Publ., 2014.

[6] Medovshchikov Yu.V. Osnovy teplovykh dvigateley vnutrennego sgoraniya [Fundamentals of thermal combustion engines]. Moscow, Rusayns Publ., 2018.

[7] Grekhov L.V., Ivashchenko N.A., Markov V.A. Toplivnaya apparatura i sistemy upravleniya dizeley [Diesel fuel equipment and control systems]. Moscow, Legion-Avtodata Publ., 2005.

[8] Shatrov M.G., ed. Avtomobil’nye dvigateli [Vehicle engines]. Moscow, Akademiya Publ., 2011.

[9] Kavtaradze R.Z. Teoriya porshnevykh dvigateley. Spetsial’nye glavy [Theory of piston engines. Special chapters]. Moscow, Bauman MSTU Publ., 2016.

[10] Krutov V.I. Avtomaticheskoe regulirovanie i upravlenie dvigateley vnutrennego sgoraniya [Automated regulation and control on combustion engines]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1989.

[11] Bosch: Sistemy upravleniya dizel’nymi dvigatelyami [Bosch: Control systems for diesel engines]. Moscow, Za rulem Publ., 2004.

[12] Bosch: Sistemy upravleniya benzinovymi dvigatelyami [Bosch: Control systems for petrol engines]. Moscow, Za rulem Publ., 2005.

[13] Shatrov M.G., Khachiyan A.S., Golubkov L.N., et al. Sovershenstvovanie rabochikh protsessov avtotraktornykh dizeley i ikh toplivnykh sistem, rabotayushchikh na al’ternativnykh toplivakh [Working processes development of motor-transport engine and its fuel systems working on alternative fuel]. Moscow, MADI Publ., 2012.

[14] Grekhov L.V., Gabitov I.I., Negovora A.V. Konstruktsiya, raschet i tekhnicheskiy servis toplivopodayushchikh sistem dizeley [Construction, calculation and technological service of diesel fuel injection systems]. Moscow, Legion-Avtodata Publ., 2013.

[15] Markov V.A., Bashirov R.M., Gabitov I.I. Toksichnost’ otrabotavshikh gazov dizeley [Toxic level of diesel burnt gas]. Moscow, Bauman MSTU Publ., 2002.

[16] L’otko V., Lukanin V.N., Khachiyan A.S. Primenenie al’ternativnykh topliv v dvigatelyakh vnutrennego sgoraniya [Using alternative fuels in combustion engines]. Moscow, MADI Publ., 2000.